What is orthodontics?

What is orthodontics?

Orthodontics is a dental specialty that focuses on diagnosing and treating misaligned or irregular teeth in the upper or lower jaws. The word “orthodontics” originates from the Greek words “orthos,” meaning straight and “odons,” meaning teeth. While this treatment was originally designed for teens and pre-teens during their growing years, nowadays, around 30 percent of orthodontic patients are adults.

Benefits of orthodontic treatment

Straightened teeth are easier to clean, maintain better oral hygiene, improve speech clarity, and enhance the overall aesthetic appearance of a person’s smile. Although the American Dental Association recommends that children receive an orthodontic evaluation by the age of seven or eight, there is no age limit for orthodontic treatment. This allows for early detection of any potential orthodontic problems, which can be treated before they become more severe. Ultimately, starting orthodontic treatment at an earlier age can lead to more efficient and effective outcomes.

The common conditions treated with orthodontic treatment are

Anteroposterior deviations

anteroposterior deviation or discrepancy is the variation between two normally closed jaws. For example, there are two situations wherein this can occur. The first one is an overbite. In an overbite, the upper or maxillary teeth are in a forward direction than the mandibular or lower teeth. The second one is an underbite. In an underbite, the lower or mandibular teeth are more forward than the maxillary or upper teeth.


overcrowding is one of the most common orthodontic issues, especially in teens. It is due to inadequate space for permanent teeth’ typical development and growth. 

Aesthetic problems

we all love a beautiful, flawless smile. But a single lopsided or crooked tooth can spoil a beautiful smile. Fret not. This crooked tooth can be brought into place by realignment by an orthodontist. Orthodontists are also good with restructuring and reshaping the jaw, face and lips. 

Orthodontic solutions

orthodontics is a field that is in line with technology. Over the years, orthodontic treatments have been improved with technology to provide enlightened solutions to cosmetic and malocclusion problems. Firstly, the orthodontist will perform an observation or visual examination. Panoramic x-rays follow this. Then the doctor will take up your bite impressions as study models to understand the precise nature of variation or discrepancy. 

3 Types of Orthodontic Treatment

Fixed braces

these involve affixing ceramic or metal bases (dental bases), and one dental wire is slid into each dental base. The orthodontist trains the teeth into apt occlusion by adjusting the wire occasionally. When the desired alignment is achieved, then the braces are removed. Although this treatment takes time, it is the most effective orthodontic treatment. 

Removable instruments

several instruments or appliances are used in orthodontics. These include facemasks that correct underbite and Hawley retainers that can improve teeth’ position as jawbone reformation occurs. Lastly, headgear is used to cure overbites.


this is a new introduction and is a dental aligner that does not contain metal or ceramic finishing. Instead, it is transparent and removable. Invisalign® does not interrupt food consumption because it can be removed and works like orthodontic braces. Not all patients are candidates for invisalign®. 

If you have any further questions regarding orthodontic treatment, we can help. At Smithville, TX, we understand that seeking orthodontic treatment can be a significant decision, and we want to ensure that you have all the information you need to make an informed decision.

Our experienced orthodontic professionals can provide you with personalized advice and recommendations based on your unique needs and goals. We can answer any questions you may have about the orthodontic process, from the initial consultation to the result.

Insurances taken :

Medicaid, Most PPO insurances and Fee for service